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There are many areas to look at with safety in swimming pools and spa safety. At the end of this document we have designed a checklist to help you as a starting point in identifying health and safety problems.
Some of the help you need may be specialist knowledge relating to the equipment or chemical system you are using. You may need to contact the supplier or installer for further advice. They may be able to offer you or your staff training.
Swimming pool and spa disinfection|
General poolside safety|
For reference material, the following two books are quite useful as a guide and there are some addresses below of other organisations.
“Management of Spa Pools – Controlling the risks of infection” 2006, priced £10, ISBN 0901144800. This has been produced jointly by the Health Protection Agency (HPA) and HSE. You can download this document from the Health Protection Agency
"Managing Health and Safety in Swimming Pools" 2003, HSG179, ISBN 0717626865, priced at £10.95. This has been produced jointly by the Health and Safety Commission and Sport England, and is available from:
PO Box 35
PO Box 1999
Website: Health & Safety Executive's Books
"Swimming Pool Water” 1999, priced £35.00, ISBN 0951700766. This has been produced by the Pool Water Treatment Advisory Group, and is available from:
Telephone: (01379) 890721
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Disinfection (i.e. chlorine or bromine) must be added to swimming pools and spas to destroy harmful bacteria and viruses. The designated / responsible person should have adequate training and a good understanding of how the disinfection system works, or an understanding of the correct procedures for manual dosing a swimming pool or spa. Acceptable disinfection levels will depend on the type of disinfection being used, whether it is a swimming pool or spa and use. The above referenced documents have details on acceptable parameters for disinfection levels and pH.
Monitoring – Some automated systems will automatically monitor the level of disinfection and pH in swimming pool and spas and dose the water to maintain levels within acceptable parameters. Otherwise manual testing should be done with testing kits prior to the use of the swimming pool or spa and every two hours thereafter through to closing.
Microbiological sampling of swimming pools and spas - A monthly regime of monitoring the quality of swimming pool and spa water is strongly recommended. This is to ensure that the pH and disinfection levels are rendering harmful bacteria as harmless. This can be arranged through a pool water treatment / servicing company.
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