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Home / Streets & Transport / Roads, Highways & Pavements / Pedestrian Crossings & Traffic Calming

Pedestrian Crossings & Traffic Calming


Zebra crossings are a defined crossing location where approaching vehicles are required to stop and give way to the pedestrian crossing. These cannot be used on higher speed routes.

Pelican crossings are signal controlled crossings. The crossing is "called" by the pedestrian pushing the button below two illuminated pedestrian symbols (red & green).

Toucan crossings are similar to a pelican crossing but both pedestrians and cyclists cross together. A "green bicycle" is displayed next to the "green man" when cyclists and pedestrians are permitted to cross.

Puffin crossings are similar to Pelican crossings but the system also uses sensors to detect the presence of pedestrians waiting or crossing at the crossing. This gives more time to cross for those who need it and also cancels the signals if the pedestrian walks away.

 Road Humps are used to slow traffic down.  They are not always suitable for bus and emergency services routes and can sometimes increase traffic noise if vehicles do not maintain a slow speed along the entire length of the road. Therefore they are generally reserved for within 20mph zones where there is a consistent lower speed.

Speed Tables These are similar to road humps but have a flat top and are longer. They are often used at junctions and sometimes as crossing points for pedestrians or cyclists.                                  
Speed Cushions are designed to minimise impact on larger vehicles such as buses and fire engines. They give a smoother journey by allowing larger vehicles to straddle the bumps. They are easier for cyclists as they can to pass by the side of the cushion. 

Build Outs are where a section of pavement is built out into the road to make the road narrower and slow traffic down.  They reduce the road width so that it is easier for pedestrians to cross and gives them much clearer visibility. They highlight hazardous sites and prevent parking at that location. 

Traffic Islands or Pedestrian Refuges Traffic islands are situated in the middle of the road to help pedestrians cross the road, narrow road width and reduce vehicle speeds.  They can only be used where the road is wide enough to allow vehicles to pass safely. Cyclist safety must be considered when passing through due to the narrowing being a potential pinch point for cyclists and larger vehicles.

Related Information


Mail Address

Highways Department
Town Hall Annexe
St Stephen’s Road

Telephone 01202 451199
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Out of Hours:
01202 451145

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